Pepper is without a doubt the most popular spice. There are various types of pepper, but all come from the same plant. Whether green, black or white, the colour of the pepper refers to the fruit's ripening stage.
Widely used around the world, pepper is native to the forests in Southwest India. It became famous across all the continents. It was the catalyst of several wars, conquests and discoveries, and became a bargaining chip for gold and even peace.
It was renowned for its tonic, stimulant, diuretic, antibacterial, carminative and aphrodisiac properties! It was sometimes used to heal several illnesses such as epilepsy, fevers, sciatic pains, migraines and rabies to name only a few.
Major producers mainly include India, Madagascar, Brazil and Malaysia.
Black pepper is picked when it is half-ripe. At this stage, the fruit begins to turn red. When drying, the skin crumples and darkens. Among all the types of peppers, it is the most flavoursome. To savour its flavour, the peppercorn (the dried fruit) is served crushed or unground.
White pepper is picked when it is very ripe and completely red. The fruits are soaked for a few days during which the flesh softens and decomposes. The naked seed is then dried. It is considered the sweetest type of pepper.
It is picked before maturity when the fruit is still green. The grain mainly comes from Madagascar and is sold as pickled, marinated or dried. This pepper is a great accompaniment to grilled beef with its slightly hot and fruity taste.
There are several types of pepper, but don’t let the impostors fool you! Some peppers do not belong to the same family. Even if they bear the same name, they come from other fruits, but have similar properties.
Pink pepper does not belong to the pepper family. It comes from a different plant belonging to the ragweed family. It consists of a pink dehydrated berry. It has a delicate flavour and a slightly peppered taste.
Sichuan (or Szechwan) or fagara pepper is actually grilled hot pepper, ground and mixed with fruit from real pepper. It is commonly used in Asian food.
This one is obviously Cayenne pepper powder with a very heightened flavour. It is commonly used in Latin America and in India. It is also the first ingredient in Tabasco sauce.
Jamaican pepper, also called "allspice", is extracted from the seeds of the fruit from the "Pimenta" tree, grown in the Caribbean islands and in Central America. It is a perfect spice to flavour sauces, applesauce and fruitcakes.
Cubeb pepper comes from the Indonesian islands and more specifically from Java. It is not as strong as black pepper but is bitterer. An essential ingredient in Asian and Oceanian foods, it resembles more like Jamaican pepper than black pepper.
There are several types of grinders. When purchasing a pepper mill, it is important to understand their properties in order to make an informed choice.
The majority of Trudeau pepper mills consist of ceramic grinders:
Features of a ceramic grinder:
Trudeau also offers peppershakers made with a carbon steel grinder:
Features of a carbon steel grinder:
Stainless steel grinder
Pepper is a perfect accompaniment to orange juice, strawberries and peaches. It adds a certain boost to pears, red wine, poultry, deer meat, meats, fish and seafood as well as fruit salads.
It is kept at room temperature. Ground pepper lasts approximately three months.
Here are some simple recipes that contain different types of peppers to seduce you palate.
Preparation time: 15 minIngredients
Total preparation time: 10 hours 15 min, makes 10 to 12 portionsIngredients
Preparation time: 20 minIngredients